Veterinary Anatomy faculty at the University of Minnesota
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Carnivore Gross Anatomy (CVM 6903) Courseware
COURSEWARE RECOMMENDATIONS for Veterinary Anatomy Students
Recommends courseware available on this web site for veterinary students taking a first-year anatomy course (CVM 6903).
Veterinary Anatomy Concepts Checker
This web site focuses on anatomical concepts, giving students an opportunity to clarify conceptual understanding via self-assessment. Per subject category, a series of query screens is presented randomly. Each screen consists of a centrally placed statement surrounded by four randomly positioned phrases that are either true or false. A Show Answer button reveals your success and offers a conceptual explanation. A Delete Screen button eliminates screens from the available pool. (This courseware requires browsers to use a Flash Player plugin.)
NOTE: A mobile Veterinary Anatomy Concepts Checker, a web app designed for mobile devices, is available at this URL: http://vanat.cvm.umn.edu/mAnatConcepts/
Anatomy Directions, Planes, and Muscle/Joint Actions
New: Descriptions of directional terms, anatomical planes, and muscle/joint actions pertinent to veterinary anatomy, including conflicting human anatomy terms. Cartoon animations illustrate the terminology. May be viewed on computer or mobile devices.
Autonomic Nervous System
This web site presents autonomic nervous system anatomy and autonomic physiology/pharmacology. Visceral efferent nerve pathways to canine body regions are emphasized. The web site features animated tutorials for learning pathways and animation quizzes for tracing one's knowledge of sympathetic and parasympathetic pathways to regional visceral organs. (Courseware animations require browsers to use a Flash Player plugin.)
Canine Head MRI Atlases
This web site presents images of a cadaver Beagle Head (Cranium) obtained by Magnetic Resonance Imaging (T2-weighted images from a 3 Tesla MR system). Three Atlases show MRI images in transverse, sagittal, and dorsal planes of view. Buttons toggle labels and switch between bright and dark versions of the images, a slider generates gradations between bright and dark image versions. (This courseware requires browsers to use a Flash Player plugin.)
Canine Planar Anatomy
This web-site presents on-line 900x600 pixel images of canine cadavers sectioned in sagittal, transverse, and dorsal planes. To focus attention, each image has ten or more labels that are accessible via the mouse or the keyboard. Images are grouped by region: head/neck, thorax, & abdomen/pelvis.
Carnivore Dissection Lab Introductions
A web site intended for veterinary students studying Veterinary Anatomy at the University of Minnesota. Laboratory objectives, terminology, commentary, and 10-12 labeled cadaver images with captions are presented for each of 25 labs devoted to carnivore (dog/cat) dissection. The web site enables students to preview content before a lab and/or to review lab content before an exam. Students may toggle labels on/off to self-assess their anatomical knowledge.
Carnivore Muscle Identification: Self-Assessment Quiz
This web site presents images of dissected muscles from dog & cat cadavers displayed in a quiz context, enabling veterinary students to self-assess their knowledge of muscle identification. Per muscle group, students are repetitively asked to identify a randomly selected muscle by choosing among randomly numbered labels on randomly chosen images. Either the mouse or keyboard can be used for muscle selection and navigation. (This courseware requires browsers to use a Flash Player plugin.)
Carnivore Lower Urinary Tract
This web site presents Embryonic Development, Anatomy, Innervation, Physiology, and Clinical Case Examples pertaining to the lower urinary tract of the dog and cat. In addition, there is a Knowledge Self-Assessment section featuring True/False quizzes geared for instruction, rather than grading. Each quiz page is linked to a pop-up tutorial page. NOTE: If a border appears when you mouse-over an image, you may click the image to view additional information, an enlarged image, or an animation. (This courseware requires browsers to use a Flash Player plugin.)
Core Questions: Lower Urinary Tract
New: This computer and mobile device web app presents core questions related to the Urinary Tract. Students are expected to think about how they would answer each question before revealing the short answer and then the detailed answer provided by an instructor.
Applied Anatomy and Physiology of the Dog & Cat Lower Urinary Tract
This presentation of anatomy and physiology of the ureter, urinary bladder and urethra is available for download as either an eBook or a PDF document.
Cranial Nerves Animated Quiz
Animated quizzes are presented for students to reinforce their knowledge of the names, innervation targets, and fiber type content of cranial nerves. The quizzes demonstrate the correct answer when a choice is made. Each time RESET is clicked, a new randomized version of the quiz is presented. (These animations require browsers to use a Flash Player plugin.)
This web site presents gait descriptions and employs cartoon animations to help veterinary students recognize the major gaits of cursorial quadrupeds (running animals), using the dog as a model. The ability to recognize gaits and anticipate foot-fall patterns in a moving animal is essential for identifying gait abnormalities.
NOTE: A Gaits web app designed for mobile devices, is available at this URL: http://vanat.cvm.umn.edu/mGaits/
PNS Highlights Video Screencasts
Narrated synopses (screencasts) highlighting the carnivore Peripheral Nervous System are presented as QuickTime video clips. The video topics are: PNS vs CNS divisions of the nervous system; Neuron and Neurohistology background information; Spinal Nerves; Cranial Nerves; and Autonomic Nervous System.
Additional Instructional Material & Links
CVM 6903 Carnivore Anatomy Terms List
A List of Anatomical Terms per Lab. The list contains the anatomical structures that you are expected to identify in each of 25 carnivore dissection labs. (Structures shown in small type are less likely than those in large type to be included on exams.)
Veterinary Urinalysis Interpretation Quiz
This web app was developed for students to self-assess their capability to correctly interpret canine and feline urinalysis results. Following direct or random selection of a clinical case, multiple choice questions regarding interpretation of the urinalysis results are presented. Buttons are available to view the results, to choose or reveal the correct answer, and to display normal canine or feline urinalyses for comparison. (The web app was designed for smartphones, but it works as well for tablet or computer screens.)
Link: Colorado State University Virtual Canine Anatomy
Dr. Ray Whalen of the University of Colorado has produced Virtual Canine Anatomy 3, a free access, comprehensive canine anatomy web site that features the ability to rotate anatomical images. Your browser must activate a Flash Player to view this web site.
Link: University of Illinois Radiographic Anatomy Imaging
The University of Illinois has produced an outstanding web site for viewing normal radiographic anatomy images. The canine is most thoroughly presented, followed by feline, equine and bovine images. The site is still undergoing development.
Anatomical Adaptation for Cursorial Locomotion
A web page that highlights anatomical changes associated with running in quadrupeds along with the anatomical compromises imposed by diet (herbivore vs. carnivore).
University of Minnesota Veterinary Anatomy Museum
Presents a slide-show of images from the Veterinary Anatomy Museum at the University of Minnesota. Images are categorized by Species, Anatomical Region, Disease Condition, and Type of Specimen Preservation.
Link: Minnesota Veterinary Historical Museum
Web Site of the Minnesota Veterinary Historical Museum, which is dedicated to preserving the rich history of veterinary medicine in Minnesota.