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Directional Terms
Directional terms come in opposing pairs (like East/West and North/South).

Anatomical Planes
Anatomical planes describe cadaver cuts made in order to view exposed structures.

Muscle & Joint Actions
Muscle & joint actions are described by opposing terms. Muscles act by moving joints.

Veterinary vs Human Terms
Certain Direction & Plane terms have conflicting meanings in human and veterinary anatomy.

Note: The canine cadaver images used in this web site are from:

An Atlas of Animal Anatomy for Artists
By W. Ellenberger; Dover Publications, New York 1949

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Veterinary Anatomy Directions, Planes, Actions Web Site
© 2003 & 2020
T. F. Fletcher
Last Modified September 2020

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