Carnivore Lower Urinary Tract

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Designed for Veterinary Students, this web site presents Embryonic Development, Anatomy, Innervation, Physiology, and Clinical Case Examples pertaining to the lower urinary tract of the dog and cat. In addition, there is a Knowledge Self-Assessment section featuring True/False quizzes geared for instruction, rather than grading; each quiz page is linked to a pop-up tutorial page.

NOTE: If a border appears when you mouse-over an image, you may click the image to view addtional information, an enlarged image, or an animation.

Carnivore Lower Urinary Tract Web Site
© 2009, 2018
T.F. Fletcher, DVM, PhD (
J. P.Lulich, DVM, PhD (
C. A. Osborne, DVM, PhD (

Supported by University of Minnesota College of Veterinary Medicine

The University of Minnesota is an equal opportunity educator and employer.

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