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Spinal Cord Gross Anatomy
Spinal cord with cervical and lumbosacral enlargementsin situ
Gross anatomy of the spinal cord in situ
Spinal cord exposed by laminectomy
Spinal segments and spinal roots
Sacral and caudal spinal roots (caudal equina
Locations of spinal segments within vertebral canal
Spinal cord blood supply
Spinal Cord Histology
Surface landmarks and gray & white matter regions
Spinal cord segment T-6 transected
Neuron types and input axons found in spinal gray matter
Neuron cell columns and nuclei in spinal gray matter
Medial and lateral motor nuclei
Spinal white matter consists of root and tract fibers
Spinal white matter funiculi
Cranial and caudal branches of dorsal root axons
Axon organization within spinal tracts
Ascending and descending spinal pathways
Primary afferent neurons
Conscious vs. subconscious ascending pathways
Touch and kinesthesia ascending pathways
Spinothalamic ascending pain and temperature pathway
Spinocervicothalamic ascending pain pathway
Spinocerebellar ascending pathways
Major descending pathways
Tract locations in spinal white matter
Optional Online Resources . . .
Spinal Cord Anatomy
This web site presents gross anatomy, segment-vertebrae relationships, meninges, blood supply, histology of spinal gray and white matter, and spinal tracts.
Spinal Cord - Discussion Questions
This web site presents thoughtful questions related to the Spinal Cord. It is intended for group discussion.
Interactive Neuroanatomy Quiz
This web site enables students to self-evaluate their knowledge of basic neuroanatomy in an engaging interactive manner. It includes the spinal cord.
Pertinent Terms List . . .
Spinal Cord Terms (PDF file)
Questions for Class Discussion (suggestions):
What is the significance of spinal cord enlargements?
How would you define a spinal cord segment?
What is the functional difference between dorsal and ventral spinal roots?
What is the meaning of the term "cauda equina"?
List some significant segment-vertebra relationships?
Which gray matter nuclei contain cell bodies of efferent neurons?, of projection neurons?
What is a primary afferent neuron? (describe its features and function)
Discuss carnivore pain pathways.
What types of tracts are found in the dorsal funiculus?, lateral funiculus?, ventral funiculus?